There are a number of elements that a farmer needs to meet in order to have an operative pig farming practice. These include a dependable water supply and adequate assets to start the operation and keep it going until the promotion of the first batch of pigs. Farmers capitalize in livestock but overlook that it takes time and money to grow them to vendible size.
There are basics needed for a small pig farming procedure which encompasses the plan, substructure, building cost of a sty, running costs and the feed that the swine consumes.
Elementary setup depends on how many pigs one desires to keep. The design should preferably allow for adding further pens as the operation grows. It is usually recommendable that one should start off by buying weaners and growing them out. In this way, one can learn about pig behavior, management techniques and daily feed requirements.
Farmer’s cash turnover cycle will be speedier as one will not need to feed a sow for four months while it is pregnant, manage the birth process, and feed the piglets until selling them. It is critical for a farmer to contemplate the financial side behind the venture.
Pig shelters are built in several ways, with some designs being more solid than others. One can also use the arrangement of an existing shed, adding internal partitions as required. Brick and mortar construction is robust but expensive and the design cannot easily be changed at a later stage.
Medium-heavy steel gates can be used to form enclosures around the sleeping areas as this is cheaper than building walls. Using wire or heavy duty cable ties, relation the openings to one another to create a firm structure. One can at any time change the prearrangement or size of the enclosures in the farm. It is advisable to avoid using net or other types of fencing since a pig is a strong animal and may start piercing or pushing its nose through such a hedge, eventually creating an escape route.
One may have to cover a gate with some form of mesh when housing young weaners since can they can move through the bars. Each pig needs about 4m² of pen space which includes the sleeping area, about one-third of the pen. The total pen area for six pigs should be about 24m² (4m x 6m).
Concrete or paved surfaces are easier to clean. Otherwise site the pens on slightly sloping ground for water run-off when it rains. A permanently muddy surface with puddles of water promotes disease. The enclosure needs a feeding trough long enough to provide each feeding pig standing space. The trough can be built from brick and mortar (about 60cm wide and 30cm above ground level) along one of the margins.