How it spreads Fusarium wilt spreads in many ways, including through water. Sometimes, humans also spread it from the infected to non-infected fields.

Equipment used on an infected field can also spread the pathogens to a non-infected farm if not well cleaned.

Conditions where it thrives High soil temperatures, hot damp weather, and warm wet soils. Understanding Fusarium Wilt A fungal infection that can affect your tomatoes, potatoes and capsicum and cause severe losses DENNIS RAPONGO drapongo@gmail.com

How to tell the difference between Fusarium and bacterial wilt Diseases affect crops mainly in the solanaceous class and most of the time it is difficult to differentiate between the two.

Below are the differences:

 Prevention and control of Fusarium Wilt

 • Avoid high Nitrogen fertilisers, excessive watering, and overhead irrigation, if possible;

• Sterilise your tools frequently;

 • Control weeds, as they could be alternative hosts.

In case your farm is infected, do the following:

 • Practise crop rotation;

 • Remove infected plants and destroy them completely;

 • Treat your soil;

 • Use copper-based fungicides. Conclusion If well-prevented or controlled, we can have disease-free crops, which will increase our yields, and improve food security, as well as cut treatment and control costs.

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